Climate extremes are on the rise, which is one of the most critical manifestations of climate change. Compound events can drive a combination of spatial and/or temporal hazards, and the instantaneous effect and long-term impact on society and the environment are typically much higher than a single event on its own. However, the multi-dimensional nature of compound events leads to a series of methodological challenges.

The Deep-Extremes project aims at

  • Focusing on compound heat and drought events on a global scale, detecting based on long-term climate and land-surface data, combining EO archives and other observation data, with methods tailored to multivariate event detection.
  • Sampling a subset of large events in the Sentinel era and zooming into the events and in unaffected areas around the event with high-dimensional “mini-cubes”.
  • Training complementary deep-learning methods for prediction and understanding dynamics in such events.
  • Implementing the tested and validated workflow in a cloud environment and developing it further based on community feedback.
  • Engaging with the community via workshops and science discussions to further develop the proposed framework.


  • ERA5 Temperature data
  • SPEI data
  • Sentinel-2


  • Miguel Mahecha (Leipzig University, Germany)
  • Chaonan Ji (Leipzig University, Germany)
  • Karin Mora (Leipzig University, Germany)
  • Guido Kraemer (Leipzig University, Germany)
  • Gunnar Brandt (Brockmann Consult GmbH, Germany)
  • Carsten Brockmann (Brockmann Consult GmbH, Germany)
  • Tonio Fincke (Brockmann Consult GmbH, Germany)
  • Norman Fomferra (Brockmann Consult GmbH, Germany)
  • Gustau Camps-Valls (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Miguel-Ángel Fernández-Torres (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Gonzalo Mateo García (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Luis Gómez-Chova (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Eva Sevillano Marco (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Maria Gonzalez Calabuig (University of Valencia, Spain)
  • Fabian Gans (Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany)
  • Mélanie Weynants (Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany)
  • Christian Requena-Mesa (Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany)
  • Vitus Benson (Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Germany)

News and Events

  • 2022.02.11 Kick-off meeting
  • 2022.03.01 Event definition meeting
  • 2022.05.10 Methodical follow-up meeting
  • 2022.06.07 Bi-weekly technical meeting
  • 2022.06.08 XAIDA-DeepExtremes-Interaction regional meeting
Remote Sensing Center for the Earth System Research